There are many activities that result in carbon (or generally greenhouse gas) emissions including, but not limited to, travel, use of electricity, food waste, etc. In many cases it is almost impossible to completely reduce these emissions to zero from the source however, there is a way to make up for these emissions after they have been created. The method of doing this is known as carbon offset. Carbon offset is any activity that compensates for carbon emissions or other greenhouse gases (GHGs). More info.
There are 3 steps in the carbon offsetting process. These are numbered below (more info):
1. Calculating carbon emissions
2. Reducing emissions at the source
3. Offsetting these emissions through a specific project or scheme
In the case of step 3, carbon offset projects can include building renewable energy farms, increasing building insulation, carbon sequestration through soil and trees etc. (more info). This link provides several projects that can be invested in to offset carbon dioxide. There are also carbon offset calculators available such as this.
These facts were compiled for the purposes of the sustainable events toolkit created under the Sustainable Conferences and Events project implemented by Topkinisis Travel and AKTI Project and Research Centre. The Project ENTERPRISES/0618/0046 is co-funded by the European Regional Development Funding and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation Foundation.